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Watershed Academy~Job Pathways for Water and Climate Resilience

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Lesson 12 of 22
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Geology & soil conditions in the watershed

February 14, 2023

Did you know different types of soil have different uses and capabilities?

There are four main types:

Sand

Clay

Silt

Loam

Soil in New Mexico is very unique, because of a combination of being ocean floor at a time, and having a history of volcanic activity. Most of the soil here is clay like or sandy, and “young”. Due to the debris of volcanic eruptions covering most of the landscape, our soil is usually basic as opposed to acidic.

Watch the video below to learn about the three types of soil.

Vocabulary words to remember:

Infiltration– Permeation of a liquid by something by filtration. When water penetrates and seeps down into the soil.

Hydrophobic- To repel or fail to mix with water. Water is unable to infiltrate into hydrophobic soil.

Hydrology– The science concerned with the properties of water especially in relation to land.

Percolation- The movement of water in the soil itself.